Book of Job
1 There was a man in the land of Uz, whose name was Job; and that man
was perfect and upright, and one who feared Elohim, and eschewed evil.
2 And there were born to him seven sons and three daughters.
3 His substance also was seven thousand sheep, and three thousand
camels, and five hundred yoke of oxen, and five hundred she asses, and a
very great household; so that this man was the greatest of all the men
of the east.
4 And his sons went and feasted in their houses, every one his day; and
sent and called for their three sisters to eat and to drink with them.
5 And it was so, when the days of their feasting were gone about, that
Job sent and sanctified them, and rose up early in the morning, and
offered burnt offerings according to the number of them all: for Job
said: It may be that my sons have sinned, and cursed Elohim in their
hearts. Thus did Job continually.
6 Now there was a day when the beings created by Elohim came to present themselves before YHVH, and Satan came also among them.
7 And YHVH said to Satan, What have you been doing?Then Satan answered YHVH, and said: From going to and fro in the earth, and from walking up and down in it.
8 And YHVH said to Satan, Have you considered my servant Job, that
there is none like him in the earth, a perfect and an upright man, one
who fears Elohim, and eschews evil?
9 Then Satan answered YHVH, and said: Does Job fear Elohim for nought?
10 Have you not made a hedge about him, and about his house, and about
all that he has on every side? you have blessed the work of his hands,
and his substance is increased in the land.
11 But put forth your hand now, and touch all that he has, and he will
curse you to your face.
12 And YHVH said to Satan, Behold, all that he has is in your power;
only upon himself do not put forth your hand. So Satan went forth from the presence of YHVH.
13 And there was a day when his sons and his daughters were eating and
drinking wine in their eldest brother's house:
14 And there came a messenger to Job, and said: The oxen were
plowing, and the asses feeding beside them:
15 And the Sabeans fell upon them, and took them away; yes, they have
slain the servants with the edge of the sword; and I only am escaped
alone to tell you.
16 While he was yet speaking, there came also another, and said: The
fire of Elohim is fallen from heaven, and has burned up the sheep, and
the servants, and consumed them; and I only am escaped alone to tell
17 While he was yet speaking, there came also another, and said: The
Chaldeans made out three bands, and fell upon the camels, and have
carried them away, yes, and slain the servants with the edge of the
sword; and I only am escaped alone to tell you.
18 While he was yet speaking, there came also another, and said: Your
sons and your daughters were eating and drinking wine in their eldest
19 And, behold, there came a great wind from the wilderness, and smote
the four corners of the house, and it fell upon the young men, and they
are dead; and I only am escaped alone to tell you.
20 Then Job arose, and rent his mantle, and shaved his head, and fell
down upon the ground, and worshipped,
21 And said: Naked came I out of my mother's womb, and naked shall I
return there: YHVH gave, and YHVH has taken away; blessed be the name
22 In all this Job sinned not, nor charged Elohim foolishly.
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1 Again there was a day when the beings created by Elohim came to present themselves before YHVH, and Satan came also among them to present
itself before YHVH.
2 And YHVH said to Satan, What have you been doing?And Satan answered YHVH, and said: From going to and fro in the earth, and from walking up and down in it.
3 And YHVH said to Satan, Have you considered my servant Job, that
there is none like him in the earth, a perfect and an upright man, one
who fears Elohim, and eschews evil? and still he holds fast his
integrity, although you moved me against him, to destroy him without
4 And Satan answered YHVH, and said: Skin for skin, yes, all that a man
has will he give for his life.
5 But put forth your hand now, and touch his bone and his flesh, and he
will curse you to your face.
6 And YHVH said to Satan, Behold, he is in your hand; but save his life.
7 So Satan went forth from the presence of YHVH, and smote Job with sore boils from the sole of his foot to his crown.
8 And Job took a potsherd to scrape himself withal; and he sat down among the ashes.
9 Then his wife said to him, Do you still retain your integrity? curse Elohim, and die.
10 But he said to her, You speak as one of the foolish women speaks.
What? shall we receive good at the hand of Elohim, and shall we not
receive evil? In all this Job did not sin with his lips.
11 Now when Job's three friends heard of all this evil that was come
upon him, they came every one from his own place; Eliphaz the Temanite,
and Bildad the Shuhite, and Zophar the Naamathite: for they had made an
appointment together to come to mourn with him and to comfort him.
12 And when they lifted up their eyes afar off, and knew him not, they
lifted up their voice, and wept; and they rent every one his mantle, and
sprinkled dust upon their heads toward heaven.
13 So they sat down with him upon the ground seven days and seven
nights, and none spoke a word to him: for they saw that his grief was
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1 After this opened Job his mouth, and cursed his day.
2 And Job spoke, and said:
3 Let the day perish wherein I was born, and the night in which it was
said: There is a man child conceived.
4 Let that day be darkness; let not Eloah regard it from above, neither
let the light shine upon it.
5 Let darkness and the shadow of death stain it; let a cloud dwell upon
it; let the blackness of the day terrify it.
6 As for that night, let darkness seize upon it; let it not be joined
to the days of the year, let it not come into the number of the
7 Lo, let that night be solitary, let no joyful voice come therein.
8 Let them curse it who curse the day, who are ready to raise up their mourning.
9 Let the stars of the twilight be dark; let it look for light,
but have none; neither let it see the dawning of the day:
10 Because it did not shut up the doors of my mother's womb, nor hid sorrow from my eyes.
11 Why did I not die from the womb? why did I not give up the ghost when I
came out of the belly?
12 Why did the knees prevent me? or why the breasts that I should suck?
13 For now should I have lain still and been quiet, I should have
slept: then had I been at rest,
14 With kings and counsellors of the earth, who built desolate places
15 Or with princes who had gold, who filled their houses with silver:
16 Or as a hidden untimely birth I had not been; as infants who never saw light.
17 There the wicked cease from troubling; and there the weary be at
18 There the prisoners rest together; they hear not the voice of the oppressor.
19 The small and great are there; and the servant is free from his
20 Why is light given to him who is in misery, and life to the bitter in soul;
21 Who long for death, but it comes not; and dig for it more than for
22 Who rejoice exceedingly, and are glad, when they can find the
23 Why is light given to a man whose way is hid, and whom Eloah has
24 For my sighing comes before I eat, and my roarings are poured out
like the waters.
25 For the thing which I greatly feared is come upon me, and that which
I was afraid of is come to me.
26 I was not in safety, neither had I rest, neither was I quiet; yet
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1 Then Eliphaz the Temanite answered and said:
2 If we try to commune with you, will you be grieved? but who can
withhold himself from speaking?
3 Behold, you have instructed many, and you have strengthened the weak
4 Your words have upheld him who was falling, and you have
strengthened the feeble knees.
5 But now it is come upon you, and you faint; it touches you, and you
6 Is not this your fear, your confidence, your hope, and the
uprightness of your ways?
7 Remember, I pray you, who ever perished, being innocent? or where
were the righteous cut off?
8 Even as I have seen, they who plow iniquity, and sow wickedness,
reap the same.
9 By the blast of Eloah they perish, and by the breath of his nostrils
are they consumed.
10 The roaring of the lion, and the voice of the fierce lion, and the
teeth of the young lions, are broken.
11 The old lion perishes for lack of prey, and the stout lion's whelps
are scattered abroad.
12 Now a thing was secretly brought to me, and my ear received a little thereof.
13 In thoughts from the visions of the night, when deep sleep falls on men,
14 Fear came upon me, and trembling, which made all my bones to shake.
15 Then a spirit passed before my face; the hair of my flesh stood up:
16 It stood still, but I could not discern its form: an image
was before my eyes, there was silence, and I heard a voice, saying:
17 Shall mortal man be more just than Eloah ? shall a man be more pure
than his maker?
18 Behold, he put no trust in his servants; and his angels he charged
19 How much less in those who dwell in houses of clay, whose foundation
is in the dust, which are crushed before the moth?
20 They are destroyed from morning to evening: they perish for ever
without any regarding it.
21 Does not their excellency which is in them go away? they die, even
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1 Call now, if there be any who will answer you; and to which of the
saints will you turn?
2 For wrath kills the foolish man, and envy slays the silly one.
3 I have seen the foolish taking root: but suddenly I cursed his habitation.
4 His children are far from safety, and they are crushed in the gate,
neither is there any to deliver them.
5 Whose harvest the hungry eats up, and takes it even out of the
thorns, and the robber swallows up their substance.
6 Although affliction comes not forth of the dust, neither does trouble
spring out of the ground;
7 Yet man is born to trouble, as the sparks fly upward.
8 I would seek to El, and to Elohim would I commit my cause:
9 Who does great things and unsearchable; marvellous things without
10 Who gives rain upon the earth, and sends waters upon the fields:
11 To set up on high those who be low; that those who mourn may be
exalted to safety.
12 He disappoints the devices of the crafty, so that their hands cannot
perform their enterprise.
13 He takes the wise in their own craftiness, and the counsel of the
froward is carried headlong.
14 They meet with darkness in the daytime, and grope in the noonday as
in the night.
15 But he saves the poor from the sword, from their mouth, and from the
hand of the mighty.
16 So the poor has hope, and iniquity stops her mouth.
17 Behold, happy is the man whom Eloah corrects: therefore despise not
the chastening of the Almighty:
18 For he makes sore, and binds up: he wounds, and his hands make
19 He shall deliver you in six troubles: yes, in seven there shall no
evil touch you.
20 In famine he shall redeem you from death, and in war from the power
of the sword.
21 You shall be hid from the scourge of the tongue: neither shall you
be afraid of destruction when it comes.
22 At destruction and famine you shall laugh: neither shall you be
afraid of the beasts of the earth.
23 For you shall be in league with the stones of the field, and the
beasts of the field shall be at peace with you.
24 And you shall know that your tabernacle shall be in peace; and you
shall visit your habitation, and shall not sin.
25 You shall know also that your seed shall be great, and your
offspring as the grass of the earth.
26 You shall come to your grave in a full age, like as a shock of grain
comes in its season.
27 Lo this, we have searched it, so it is; hear it, and know it for
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1 But Job answered and said:
2 Oh that my grief were thoroughly weighed, and my calamity laid in the
3 For now it would be heavier than the sand of the sea: therefore my
words are swallowed up.
4 For the arrows of the Almighty are within me, the poison of them
drinks up my spirit: the terrors of Eloah do set themselves in array
5 Does the wild ass bray when he has grass? or lows the ox over his fodder?
6 Can that which is unsavoury be eaten without salt? or is there any
taste in the white of an egg?
7 The things that my soul refused to touch are as my sorrowful food.
8 Oh that I might have my request; and that Eloah would grant me the
thing that I long for!
9 Even that it would please Eloah to destroy me; that he would let
loose his hand, and cut me off!
10 Then should I yet have comfort; yes, I would harden myself in
sorrow: let him not spare; for I have not concealed the words of the
11 What is my strength, that I should hope? and what is my end, that I
should prolong my life?
12 Is my strength the strength of stones? or is my flesh of brass?
13 Is not my help in me? and is wisdom driven quite from me?
14 To him who is afflicted pity should be shown from his friend; but
he forsakes the fear of the Almighty.
15 My brethren have dealt deceitfully as a brook, and as the stream of
brooks they pass away;
16 Which are blackish by reason of the ice, and wherein the snow is hidden:
17 What time they grow warm, they vanish: when it is hot, they are
consumed out of their place.
18 The paths of their way are turned aside; they go to nothing, and perish.
19 The troops of Tema looked, the companies of Sheba waited for them.
20 They were confounded because they had hoped; they came there, and
21 For now you are nothing; you see my casting down, and are afraid.
22 Did I say, Bring to me? or, Give a reward for me of your substance?
23 Or, Deliver me from the enemy's hand? or, Redeem me from the hand of
24 Teach me, and I will hold my tongue, and cause me to understand
wherein I have erred.
25 How forcible are right words! but what does your arguing reprove?
26 Do you imagine to reprove words, and the speeches of one who is
desperate, which are as wind?
27 Yes, you overwhelm the fatherless, and you dig a pit for your friend.
28 Now therefore be content, look upon me; for it is evident to you
if I lie.
29 Return, I pray you, let it not be iniquity; yes, return again, my
righteousness is in it.
30 Is there iniquity in my tongue? cannot my taste discern perverse
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1 Is there not an appointed time to man upon earth? are not his days
also like the days of a hireling?
2 As a servant earnestly desires the shadow, and as a hireling looks
for the reward of his work:
3 So am I made to possess months of vanity, and wearisome nights are
appointed to me.
4 When I lie down, I say, When shall I arise, and the night be gone?
and I am full of tossings to and fro to the dawning of the day.
5 My flesh is clothed with worms and clods of dust; my skin is broken,
and become loathsome.
6 My days are swifter than a weaver's shuttle, and are spent without hope.
7 O remember that my life is wind: my eye shall no more see good.
8 The eye of him who has seen me shall see me no more: your eyes are
upon me, and I am not.
9 As the cloud is consumed and vanishes away: so he who goes down to
the grave shall come up no more.
10 He shall return no more to his house, neither shall his place know
him any more.
11 Therefore I will not refrain my mouth; I will speak in the anguish
of my spirit; I will complain in the bitterness of my soul.
12 Am I a sea, or a whale, that you set a watch over me?
13 When I say, My bed shall comfort me, my couch shall ease my
14 Then you scare me with dreams, and terrify me through visions:
15 So that my soul chooses strangling, and death rather than my life.
16 I loathe it; I would not live always: let me alone; for my days are vanity.
17 What is man, that you should magnify him? and that you should set
your heart upon him?
18 And that you should visit him every morning, and try him every moment?
19 How long will you not depart from me, nor let me alone till I
swallow down my spittle?
20 I have sinned; what shall I do to you, O you preserver of men? why
have you set me as a mark against you, so that I am a burden to myself?
21 And why do you not pardon my transgression, and take away my
iniquity? for now shall I sleep in the dust; and you shall seek me in
the morning, but I shall not be.
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1 Then Bildad the Shuhite said:
2 How long will you speak these things? and how long shall the words of
your mouth be like a strong wind?
3 Does El pervert judgment? or does the Almighty pervert justice?
4 If your children have sinned against him, and he have cast them away
for their transgression;
5 If you would seek to El in good time, and make your supplication to the
6 If you were pure and upright; surely now he would awake for you, and
make the habitation of your righteousness prosperous.
7 Though your beginning was small, yet your latter end should greatly
8 For inquire, I pray you, of the former age, and prepare yourself to
the search of their fathers:
9 (For we are but of yesterday, and know nothing, because our days upon
earth are a shadow:)
10 Shall not they teach you, and tell you, and utter words out of their heart?
11 Can the rush grow up without mire? can the flag grow without water?
12 Whilst it is yet in his greenness, and not cut down, it withers
before any other herb.
13 So are the paths of all who forget El; and the hypocrite's hope
14 Whose hope shall be cut off, and whose trust shall be a spider's web.
15 He shall lean upon his house, but it shall not stand: he shall hold
it fast, but it shall not endure.
16 He is green before the sun, and his branch shoots forth in his garden.
17 His roots are wrapped about the heap, and sees the place of stones.
18 If he destroy him from his place, then it shall deny him, saying: I
have not seen you.
19 Behold, this is the joy of his way, and out of the earth shall
20 Behold, El will not cast away a perfect man, neither will he help
the evil doers:
21 Till he fill your mouth with laughing, and your lips with rejoicing.
22 They who hate you shall be clothed with shame; and the dwelling
place of the wicked shall come to nought.
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1 Then Job answered and said:
2 I know it is so of a truth: but how should man be just with El?
3 If he will contend with him, he cannot answer him one of a thousand.
4 He is wise in heart, and mighty in strength: who has hardened himself
against him, and has prospered?
5 Who removes the mountains, and they know not: who overturns them
in his anger.
6 Who shakes the earth out of her place, and her pillars tremble.
7 Who commands the sun, and it rises not; and seals up the stars.
8 Who alone spreads out the heavens, and treads upon the waves of the sea.
9 Who makes Arcturus, Orion, and Pleiades, and the chambers of the south.
10 Who does great things past finding out; yes, and wonders without number.
11 Lo, he goes by me, and I see him not: he passes on also, but I
perceive him not.
12 Behold, he takes away, who can hinder him? who will say to him,
What are you doing?
13 If Eloah will not withdraw his anger, the proud helpers do stoop
14 How much less shall I answer him, and choose out my words to reason
15 Whom, though I were righteous, yet would I not answer, but I would
make supplication to my judge.
16 If I had called, and he had answered me; yet would I not believe
that he had hearkened to my voice.
17 For he breaks me with a tempest, and multiplies my wounds without
18 He will not suffer me to take my breath, but fills me with bitterness.
19 If I speak of strength, lo, he is strong, and if of judgment, who
shall set me a time to plead?
20 If I justify myself, my own mouth shall condemn me: if I say, I am
perfect, it shall also prove me perverse.
21 Though I were perfect, yet would I not know my soul: I would despise
22 This is one thing, therefore I said it, He destroys the perfect and
23 If the scourge slay suddenly, he will laugh at the trial of the innocent.
24 The earth is given into the hand of the wicked: he covers the faces
of its judges; if not, where, and who is he?
25 Now my days are swifter than a post: they flee away, they see no good.
26 They are passed away as the swift ships: as the eagle that hastens
to the prey.
27 If I say, I will forget my complaint, I will leave off my heaviness,
and comfort myself:
28 I am afraid of all my sorrows, I know that you will not hold me innocent.
29 If I be wicked, why then labour I in vain?
30 If I wash myself with snow water, and make my hands never so clean;
31 Yet shall you plunge me in the ditch, and my own clothes shall abhor me.
32 For he is not a man, as I am, that I should answer him, and we
should come together in judgment.
33 Neither is there any daysman between us, that might lay his hand
upon us both.
34 Let him take his rod away from me, and let not his fear terrify me:
35 Then would I speak, and not fear him; but it is not so with me.
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1 My soul is weary of my life; I will leave my complaint upon myself; I
will speak in the bitterness of my soul.
2 I will say to Eloah, Do not condemn me; show me why you contend with me.
3 Is it good to you that you should oppress, that you should despise
the work of your hands, and shine upon the counsel of the wicked?
4 Have you eyes of flesh? or see you as man sees?
5 Are your days as the days of man? are your years as man's days,
6 That you inquire after my iniquity, and search after my sin?
7 You know that I am not wicked; and there is none who can deliver out
of your hand.
8 Your hands have made me and fashioned me together round about; yet
you destroy me.
9 Remember, I beseech you, that you have made me as the clay; and will
you bring me into dust again?
10 Have you not poured me out as milk, and curdled me like cheese?
11 You have clothed me with skin and flesh, and have fenced me with
bones and sinews.
12 You have granted me life and favour, and your visitation has
preserved my spirit.
13 And these things have you hidden in your heart: I know that this is with you.
14 If I sin, then you mark me, and you will not acquit me from my iniquity.
15 If I be wicked, woe to me; and if I be righteous, yet I will not lift up my head. I am full of confusion; therefore see my affliction;
16 For it increases. You hunt me as a fierce lion, and again you show
yourself marvellous upon me.
17 You renew your witnesses against me, and increase your indignation
upon me; changes and war are against me.
18 Why then have you brought me forth out of the womb? Oh that I had given up the spirit, and no eye had seen me!
19 I should have been as though I had not been; I should have been
carried from the womb to the grave.
20 Are not my days few? cease then, and let me alone, that I may take
comfort a little,
21 Before I go whence I shall not return, even to the land of darkness
and the shadow of death;
22 A land of darkness, as darkness itself; and of the shadow of death,
without any order, and where the light is as darkness.
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1 Then answered Zophar the Naamathite, and said:
2 Should not the multitude of words be answered? and should a man full
of talk be justified?
3 Should your lies make men hold their peace? and when you mock, shall
no man make you ashamed?
4 For you have said: My doctrine is pure, and I am clean in your eyes.
5 But oh that Eloah would speak, and open his lips against you;
6 And that he would show you the secrets of wisdom, that they are
double to that which is! Know therefore that Eloah exacts of you less
than your iniquity deserves.
7 Can you by searching find out Eloah? can you find out the Almighty
8 It is as high as heaven; what can you do? deeper than hell; what can
9 Its measure is longer than the earth, and broader than the sea.
10 If he cut off, and shut up, or gather together, then who can hinder him?
11 For he knows vain men: he sees wickedness also; will he not then
12 For vain man would be wise, though man be born like a wild ass's colt.
13 If you prepare your heart, and stretch out your hands toward him;
14 If iniquity be in your hand, put it far away, and let not wickedness
dwell in your tabernacles.
15 For then you shall lift up your face without spot; yes, you shall be
stedfast, and shall not fear:
16 Because you shall forget your misery, and remember it as waters that
17 And your age shall be clearer than the noonday; you shall shine
forth, you shall be as the morning.
18 And you shall be secure, because there is hope; yes, you shall dig
about you, and you shall take your rest in safety.
19 Also you shall lie down, and none shall make you afraid; yes, many
shall make suit to you.
20 But the eyes of the wicked shall fail, and they shall not escape,
and their hope shall be as the giving up of the ghost.
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1 And Job answered and said:
2 No doubt but you are the people, and wisdom shall die with you.
3 But I have understanding as well as you; I am not inferior to you: yes, who does not know such things as these?
4 I am as one mocked of his neighbour, who calls upon Eloah, and he
answers him: the just upright man is laughed to scorn.
5 He who is ready to slip with his feet is as a lamp despised in the
thought of him who is at ease.
6 The tabernacles of robbers prosper, and they who provoke El are
secure; into whose hand Eloah brings abundantly.
7 But ask now the beasts, and they shall teach you; and the birds of
the air, and they shall tell you:
8 Or speak to the earth, and it shall teach you, and the fishes of the
sea shall declare to you.
9 Who does not know in all these that the hand of YHVH has wrought this?
10 In whose hand is the soul of every living thing, and the breath of
11 Does not the ear try words? and the mouth taste his meat?
12 With the ancient is wisdom; and in length of days understanding.
13 With him is wisdom and strength, he has counsel and understanding.
14 Behold, he breaks down, and it cannot be built again: he shuts up a
man, and there can be no opening.
15 Behold, he withholds the waters, and they dry up: also he sends them
out, and they overturn the earth.
16 With him is strength and wisdom: the deceived and the deceiver are
17 He leads counsellors away spoiled, and makes the judges fools.
18 He loosens the bond of kings, and girds their loins with a girdle.
19 He leads princes away spoiled, and overthrows the mighty.
20 He removes away the speech of the trusty, and takes away the
understanding of the aged.
21 He pours contempt upon princes, and weakens the strength of the mighty.
22 He discovers deep things out of darkness, and brings out to light
the shadow of death.
23 He increases the nations, and destroys them: he enlarges the
nations, and guides them again.
24 He takes away the heart of the chief of the people of the earth, and
causes them to wander in a wilderness where there is no way.
25 They grope in the dark without light, and he makes them to stagger
like a drunken man.
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1 Lo, my eye has seen all this, my ear has heard and understood it.
2 What you know, the same do I know also: I am not inferior to you.
3 Surely I would speak to the Almighty, and I desire to reason with El.
4 But you are forgers of lies, you are all physicians of no value.
5 O that you would altogether hold your peace! and it should be your wisdom.
6 Hear now my reasoning, and hearken to the pleadings of my lips.
7 Will you speak wickedly for El? and talk deceitfully for him?
8 Will you accept his person? will you contend for El?
9 Is it good that he should search you out? or as one man mocks
another, do you so mock him?
10 He will surely reprove you, if you do secretly respect persons.
11 Shall not his excellency make you afraid? and his dread fall upon you?
12 Your remembrances are like to ashes, your bodies to bodies of
13 Hold your peace, let me alone, that I may speak, and let come on me
14 Wherefore do I take my flesh in my teeth, and put my life in my
15 Though he slay me, yet will I trust in him: but I will maintain my
own ways before him.
16 He also shall be my salvation: for a hypocrite shall not come
17 Hear diligently my speech, and my declaration with your ears.
18 Behold now, I have ordered my cause; I know that I shall be
19 Who is he who will plead with me? for now, if I hold my tongue, I
shall give up the ghost.
20 Only do not two things to me: then I will not hide myself from you.
21 Withdraw your hand far from me, and let not your dread make me afraid.
22 Then call me, and I will answer: or let me speak, and you answer.
23 How many are my iniquities and sins? make me to know my
transgression and my sin.
24 Why do you hide your face, and hold me for your enemy?
25 Will you break a leaf driven to and fro? and will you pursue the dry stubble?
26 For you write bitter things against me, and make me to possess the
iniquities of my youth.
27 You put my feet also in the stocks, and look narrowly to all my
paths; you set a print upon the heels of my feet.
28 And he, as a rotten thing, consumes, as a garment that is moth eaten.
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1 Man who is born of a woman is of few days, and full of trouble.
2 He comes forth like a flower, and is cut down: he flees also as a
shadow, and continues not.
3 And do you open your eyes upon such a one, and bring me into
judgment with you?
4 Who can bring a clean thing out of an unclean? not one.
5 Seeing his days are determined, the number of his months are with
you, you have appointed his bounds that he cannot pass;
6 Turn from him, that he may rest, till he shall accomplish, as a
hireling, his day.
7 For there is hope of a tree, if it be cut down, that it will sprout
again, and that its tender branch will not cease.
8 Though its root grow old in the earth, and its stock
die in the ground;
9 Yet through the scent of water it will bud, and bring forth boughs
like a plant.
10 But man dies, and wastes away: yes, man gives up the ghost, and
where is he?
11 As the waters fail from the sea, and the flood decays and dries up:
12 So man lies down, and rises not: till the heavens be no more, they
shall not awake, nor be raised out of their sleep.
13 O that you would hide me in the grave, that you would keep me
secret, until your wrath be past, that you would appoint me a set time,
and remember me!
14 If a man die, shall he live again? all the days of my appointed time
will I wait, till my change come.
15 You shall call, and I will answer you: you will have a desire to the
work of your hands.
16 For now you number my steps: do you not watch over my sin?
17 My transgression is sealed up in a bag, and you sew up my iniquity.
18 And surely the mountain falling comes to nought, and the rock is
removed out of his place.
19 The waters wear the stones: you wash away the things which grow out
of the dust of the earth; and you destroy the hope of man.
20 You prevail for ever against him, and he passes: you change his
countenance, and send him away.
21 His sons come to honour, and he knows it not; and they are brought
low, but he does not perceive it of them.
22 But his flesh upon him shall have pain, and his soul within him shall mourn.
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1 Then answered Eliphaz the Temanite, and said:
2 Should a wise man utter vain knowledge, and fill his belly with the east wind?
3 Should he reason with unprofitable talk? or with speeches wherewith
he can do no good?
4 Yes, you cast off fear, and restrain prayer before El.
5 For your mouth utters your iniquity, and you choose the tongue of the crafty.
6 Your own mouth condemns you, and not I: yes, your own lips testify
7 Are you the first man who was born? or were you made before the hills?
8 Have you heard the secret of Eloah? and do you restrain wisdom to yourself?
9 What do you know, that we do not? what understand you, which is not in us?
10 With us are both the grayheaded and very aged men, much elder than your father.
11 Are the consolations of El small with you? is there any secret thing with you?
12 Why does your heart carry you away? and what do your eyes wink at,
13 That you turn your spirit against El, and let such words go out of your mouth?
14 What is man, that he should be clean? and he who is born of a
woman, that he should be righteous?
15 Behold, he puts no trust in his angels; yes, the heavens are not
clean in his sight.
16 How much more abominable and filthy is man, who drinks iniquity like water?
17 I will show you, hear me; and that which I have seen I will declare;
18 Which wise men have told from their fathers, and have not hid it:
19 To whom alone the earth was given, and no stranger passed among them.
20 The wicked man travails with pain all his days, and the number of
years is hidden to the oppressor.
21 A dreadful sound is in his ears: in prosperity the destroyer shall
come upon him.
22 He does not believe that he shall return out of darkness, and he is waited for of the sword.
23 He wanders abroad for bread, saying: Where is it? he knows that the
day of darkness is ready at his hand.
24 Trouble and anguish shall make him afraid; they shall prevail
against him, as a king ready to the battle.
25 For he stretches out his hand against El, and strengthens himself
against the Almighty.
26 He runs upon him, even on his neck, upon the thick bosses of his bucklers:
27 Because he covers his face with his fatness, and makes collops of
fat on his flanks.
28 And he dwells in desolate cities, and in houses which no man
inhabits, which are ready to become heaps.
29 He shall not be rich, neither shall his substance continue, neither
shall he prolong its perfection upon the earth.
30 He shall not depart out of darkness; the flame shall dry up his
branches, and by the breath of his mouth shall he go away.
31 Let not him who is deceived trust in vanity: for vanity shall be his recompense.
32 It shall be accomplished before his time, and his branch shall not be green.
33 He shall shake off his unripe grape as the vine, and shall cast off
his flower as the olive.
34 For the congregation of hypocrites shall be desolate, and fire shall
consume the tabernacles of bribery.
35 They conceive mischief, and bring forth vanity, and their belly prepares deceit.
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1 Then Job answered and said:
2 I have heard many such things: miserable comforters are you all.
3 Shall vain words have an end? or what emboldens you that you answer?
4 I also could speak as you do: if your soul were in my soul's stead, I
could heap up words against you, and shake my head at you.
5 But I would strengthen you with my mouth, and the moving of my lips
should assuage your grief.
6 Though I speak, my grief is not assuaged, and though I forbear, what
am I eased?
7 But now he has made me weary: you have made desolate all my company.
8 And you have filled me with wrinkles, which is a witness against me:
and my leanness rising up in me bears witness to my face.
9 He tears me in his wrath, who hates me: he gnashes upon me with his
teeth; my enemy sharpens his eyes upon me.
10 They have gaped upon me with their mouth; they have smitten me upon
the cheek reproachfully; they have gathered themselves together against me.
11 El has delivered me to the ungodly, and turned me over into the
hands of the wicked.
12 I was at ease, but he has broken me asunder: he has also taken me by
my neck, and shaken me to pieces, and set me up for his mark.
13 His archers compass me round about, he splits my reins asunder, and
does not spare; he pours out my gall upon the ground.
14 He breaks me with breach upon breach, he runs upon me like a giant.
15 I have sewed sackcloth upon my skin, and defiled my horn in the
16 My face is foul with weeping, and on my eyelids is the shadow of
17 Not for any injustice in my hands: also my prayer is pure.
18 O earth, cover not my blood, and let my cry have no place.
19 Also now, behold, my witness is in heaven, and my record is on high.
20 My friends scorn me: but my eye pours out tears to Eloah.
21 O that one might plead for a man with Eloah, as a man pleads for his
22 When a few years are come, then I shall go the way whence I shall
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1 My breath is corrupt, my days are extinct, the graves are ready for me.
2 Are there not mockers with me? and does not my eye continue in their
3 Lay down now, put me in a surety with you; who is he who will strike
hands with me?
4 For you have hid their heart from understanding: therefore shall you
not exalt them.
5 He who speaks flattery to his friends, even the eyes of his children
6 He has made me also a byword of the people; and aforetime I was in contempt.
7 My eye also is dim by reason of sorrow, and all my members are as a shadow.
8 Upright men shall be astonished at this, and the innocent shall stir up
himself against the hypocrite.
9 The righteous also shall hold on his way, and he who has clean hands
shall be stronger and stronger.
10 But as for you all, return, and depart now: for I cannot find
one wise man among you.
11 My days are past, my purposes are broken off, even the thoughts of my heart.
12 They change the night into day: the light is short because of darkness.
13 If I wait, the grave is my house: I have made my bed in the
14 I have said to corruption, You are my father: to the worm, You are
my mother, and my sister.
15 And where is now my hope? as for my hope, who shall see it?
16 They shall go down to the bars of the pit, when our rest together is
in the dust.
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1 Then answered Bildad the Shuhite, and said:
2 How long will it be ere you make an end of words? mark, and
afterwards we will speak.
3 Why are we counted as beasts, and reputed vile in your sight?
4 He tears himself in his anger: shall the earth be forsaken for you?
and shall the rock be removed out of his place?
5 Yes, the light of the wicked shall be put out, and the spark of his
fire shall not shine.
6 The light shall be dark in his tabernacle, and his candle shall be
put out with him.
7 The steps of his strength shall be distressed, and his own counsel
shall cast him down.
8 For he is cast into a net by his own feet, and he walks upon a snare.
9 The gin shall take him by the heel, and the robber shall prevail
10 The snare is laid for him in the ground, and a trap for him in the way.
11 Terrors shall make him afraid on every side, and shall drive him to
12 His strength shall be hunger struck, and destruction shall be ready
at his side.
13 It shall devour the strength of his skin: even the firstborn of
death shall devour his strength.
14 His confidence shall be rooted out of his tabernacle, and it shall
bring him to the king of terrors.
15 It shall dwell in his tabernacle, because it is none of his:
brimstone shall be scattered upon his habitation.
16 His roots shall be dried up beneath, and above shall his branch be
17 His remembrance shall perish from the earth, and he shall have no
name in the street.
18 He shall be driven from light into darkness, and chased out of the
19 He shall neither have son nor nephew among his people, nor any
remaining in his dwellings.
20 They who come after him shall be astonished at his day, as they who
went before were frightened.
21 Surely such are the dwellings of the wicked, and this is the place of him who does not know El.
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1 Then Job answered and said:
2 How long will you vex my soul, and break me in pieces with words?
3 These ten times have you reproached me: you are not ashamed that you
make yourselves strange to me.
4 And be it indeed that I have erred, my error remains with myself.
5 If indeed you will magnify yourselves against me, and plead against
me my reproach:
6 Know now that Eloah has overthrown me, and has compassed me with his net.
7 Behold, I cry out of wrong, but I am not heard: I cry aloud, but
there is no judgment.
8 He has fenced up my way that I cannot pass, and he has set darkness
in my paths.
9 He has stripped me of my glory, and taken the crown from my head.
10 He has destroyed me on every side, and I am gone, and my hope has he
removed like a tree.
11 He has also kindled his wrath against me, and he counts me to him
as one of his enemies.
12 His troops come together, and raise up their way against me, and
encamp round about my tabernacle.
13 He has put my brethren far from me, and my acquaintance are truly
estranged from me.
14 My kinsfolk have failed, and my familiar friends have forgotten me.
15 They who dwell in my house, and my maids, count me for a stranger:
I am an alien in their sight.
16 I called my servant, and he gave me no answer; I entreated him with
17 My breath is strange to my wife, though I entreated for the
children's sake of my own body.
18 Yes, young children despised me; I arose, and they spoke against me.
19 All my intimate friends abhorred me, and they whom I loved are turned
20 My bone cleaves to my skin and to my flesh, and I am escaped with
the skin of my teeth.
21 Have pity upon me, have pity upon me, O you my friends; for the hand
of Eloah has touched me.
22 Why do you persecute me as El, and are not satisfied with my flesh?
23 Oh that my words were now written! oh that they were printed in a
24 That they were graven with an iron pen and lead in the rock for
25 For I know that my redeemer lives, and that he shall stand at the
latter day upon the earth:
26 And though after my skin worms destroy this body, yet in my flesh
shall I see Eloah:
27 Whom I shall see for myself, and my eyes shall behold, and not
another; though my interior self be consumed within me.
28 But you should say, Why are we persecuting him, seeing the root of the
matter is found in me?
29 Be afraid of the sword: for wrath brings the punishments of the
sword, that you may know there is a judgment.
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1 Then Zophar the Naamathite replied,
2 Therefore do my thoughts cause me to answer, and for this I make haste.
3 I have heard the check of my reproach, and the spirit of my
understanding causes me to answer.
4 Do you not know this of old, since man was placed upon earth,
5 That the triumphing of the wicked is short, and the joy of the
hypocrite but for a moment?
6 Though his excellency mount up to the heavens, and his head reach
to the clouds;
7 Yet he shall perish for ever like his own dung: they who have seen
him shall say, Where is he?
8 He shall fly away as a dream, and shall not be found: yes, he shall
be chased away as a vision of the night.
9 The eye also which saw him shall see him no more; neither shall his
place any more behold him.
10 His children shall seek to please the poor, and his hands shall
restore their goods.
11 His bones are full of the sin of his youth, which shall lie down
with him in the dust.
12 Though wickedness be sweet in his mouth, though he hide it under his tongue;
13 Though he spare it, and forsake it not; but keep it still within his mouth:
14 Yet his food in his stomach is turned, it is the venom of asps within him.
15 He has swallowed down riches, and he shall vomit them up again: El
shall cast them out of his belly.
16 He shall suck the poison of asps: the viper's tongue shall slay him.
17 He shall not see the rivers, the floods, the brooks of honey and butter.
18 That which he laboured for shall he restore, and shall not swallow
it down: according to his substance shall the restitution be, and he
shall not rejoice therein.
19 Because he has oppressed and has forsaken the poor; because he has
violently taken away a house which he built not;
20 Surely he shall not feel quietness in his belly, he shall not save
of that which he desired.
21 There shall none of his food be left; therefore shall no man look
for his goods.
22 In the fulness of his sufficiency he shall be in straits: every hand
of the wicked shall come upon him.
23 When he is about to fill his belly, Elohim shall cast the fury of
his wrath upon him, and shall rain it upon him while he is eating.
24 He shall flee from the iron weapon, and the bow of steel shall
strike him through.
25 It is drawn, and comes out of the body; yes, the glittering sword
comes out of his gall: terrors are upon him.
26 All darkness shall be hid in his secret places: a fire not blown
shall consume him; it shall go ill with him who is left in his tabernacle.
27 The heaven shall reveal his iniquity; and the earth shall rise up
28 The increase of his house shall depart, and his goods shall flow
away in the day of his wrath.
29 This is the portion of a wicked man from Elohim, and the heritage
appointed to him by El.
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1 But Job answered and said:
2 Hear diligently my speech, and let this be your consolations.
3 Suffer me that I may speak; and after that I have spoken, mock on.
4 As for me, is my complaint to man? and if it were so, why should not
my spirit be troubled?
5 Mark me, and be astonished, and lay your hand upon your mouth.
6 Even when I remember I am afraid, and trembling takes hold on my flesh.
7 Wherefore do the wicked live, become old, yes, are mighty in power?
8 Their seed is established in their sight with them, and their
offspring before their eyes.
9 Their houses are safe from fear, neither is the rod of Eloah upon them.
10 Their bull genders, and fails not; their cow calves, and casts not
11 They send forth their little ones like a flock, and their children dance.
12 They take the timbrel and harp, and rejoice at the sound of the organ.
13 They spend their days in wealth, and in a moment go down to the grave.
14 Therefore they say to El, Depart from us; for we do not want the knowledge of your ways.
15 What is the Almighty, that we should serve him? and what profit
should we have, if we pray to him?
16 Lo, their good is not in their hand: the counsel of the wicked is
far from me.
17 How oft is the candle of the wicked put out! and how oft comes their
destruction upon them! Elohim distributes sorrows in his anger.
18 They are as stubble before the wind, and as chaff that the storm
19 Eloah lays up his iniquity for his children: he rewards him, and he
shall know it.
20 His eyes shall see his destruction, and he shall drink of the wrath
of the Almighty.
21 For what pleasure has he in his house after him, when the number of
his months is cut off in the midst?
22 Shall any teach El knowledge? seeing he judges those who are high.
23 One dies in his full strength, being wholly at ease and quiet.
24 His breasts are full of milk, and his bones are moistened with
25 And another dies in the bitterness of his soul, and never eats with
26 They shall lie down alike in the dust, and the worms shall cover
27 Behold, I know your thoughts, and the devices which you wrongfully
imagine against me.
28 For you say, Where is the house of the prince? and where are the
dwelling places of the wicked?
29 Have you not asked those who go by the way? and do you not know
30 That the wicked is reserved to the day of destruction? they shall be
brought forth to the day of wrath.
31 Who shall declare his way to his face? and who shall repay him what
he has done?
32 Yet shall he be brought to the grave, and shall remain in the tomb.
33 The clods of the valley shall be sweet to him, and every man shall
draw after him, as there are innumerable before him.
34 How then do you comfort me in vain, seeing in your answers there
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1 Then Eliphaz the Temanite answered and said:
2 Can a man be profitable to El, as he who is wise may be profitable
3 Is it any pleasure to the Almighty, that you are righteous? or is it
gain to him, that you make your ways perfect?
4 Will he reprove you for fear of you? will he enter with you into
5 Is not your wickedness great? and your iniquities infinite?
6 For you have taken a pledge from your brother for nought, and
stripped the naked of their clothing.
7 You have not given water to the weary to drink, and you have
withheld bread from the hungry.
8 But as for the mighty man, he had the earth; and the honourable man
dwelt in it.
9 You have sent widows away empty, and the arms of the fatherless have
10 Therefore snares are round about you, and sudden fear troubles you;
11 Or darkness, that you can not see; and abundance of waters cover
12 Is not Eloah in the height of heaven? and behold the height of the
stars, how high they are!
13 And you say, How does El know? can he judge through the dark cloud?
14 Thick clouds are a covering to him, that he sees not; and he walks
in the circuit of heaven.
15 Have you marked the old way which wicked men have trodden?
16 Which were cut down out of time, whose foundation was overflown with
17 Who said to El, Depart from us, and what can the Almighty do for
18 Yet he filled their houses with good things: but the counsel of the
wicked is far from me.
19 The righteous see it, and are glad, and the innocent laugh them to
20 Whereas our substance is not cut down, but the remnant of them the
21 Acquaint now yourself with him, and be at peace: thereby good shall
come to you.
22 Receive, I pray you, the law from his mouth, and lay up his words in
23 If you return to the Almighty, you shall be built up, you shall put
away iniquity far from your tabernacles.
24 Then shall you lay up gold as dust, and the gold of Ophir as the
stones of the brooks.
25 Yes, the Almighty shall be your defence, and you shall have plenty
26 For then shall you have your delight in the Almighty, and shall lift
up your face to Eloah.
27 You shall make your prayer to him, and he shall hear you, and you
shall pay your vows.
28 You shall also decree a thing, and it shall be established to you:
and the light shall shine upon your ways.
29 When men are cast down, then you shall say, There is lifting up; and
he shall save the humble person.
30 He shall deliver the island of the innocent, and it is delivered by
the pureness of your hands.
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1 Then Job answered and said:
2 Even today is my complaint bitter: my stroke is heavier than my groaning.
3 Oh that I knew where I might find him! that I might come even to his seat!
4 I would order my cause before him, and fill my mouth with arguments.
5 I would know the words which he would answer me, and understand what
he would say to me.
6 Will he plead against me with his great power? No; but he would put
strength in me.
7 There the righteous might dispute with him; so should I be delivered
for ever from my judge.
8 Behold, I go forward, but he is not there; and backward, but I cannot
9 On the left hand, where he does work, but I cannot behold him: he
hides himself on the right hand, that I cannot see him:
10 But he knows the way that I take: when he has tried me, I shall come
forth as gold.
11 My foot has held his steps, his way have I kept, and not declined.
12 Neither have I gone back from the commandment of his lips; I have
esteemed the words of his mouth more than my necessary food.
13 But he is in one mind, and who can turn him? and what his soul
desires, even that he does.
14 For he performs the thing that is appointed for me, and many such
things are with him.
15 Therefore am I troubled at his presence: when I consider, I am
afraid of him.
16 For El makes my heart soft, and the Almighty troubles me:
17 Because I was not cut off before the darkness, neither has he
covered the darkness from my face.
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1 Why, seeing times are not hidden from the Almighty, do they who know
him not see his days?
2 Some remove the landmarks; they violently take away flocks, and feed on them.
3 They drive away the ass of the fatherless, they take the widow's ox
for a pledge.
4 They turn the needy out of the way: the poor of the earth hide
5 Behold, as wild asses in the desert, go they forth to their work;
rising in good time for a prey: the wilderness yields food for them and for
6 They reap every one his grain in the field, and they gather the
vintage of the wicked.
7 They cause the naked to lodge without clothing, that they have no
covering in the cold.
8 They are wet with the showers of the mountains, and embrace the rock
for want of a shelter.
9 They pluck the fatherless from the breast, and take a pledge of the poor.
10 They cause him to go naked without clothing, and they take away the
sheaf from the hungry;
11 Who make oil within their walls, and tread their winepresses, and
12 Men groan from out of the city, and the soul of the wounded cries
out: yet Eloah lays not folly to them.
13 They are of those who rebel against the light; they know not its
ways, nor abide in its paths.
14 The murderer rising with the light kills the poor and needy, and in
the night is as a thief.
15 The eye also of the adulterer waits for the twilight, saying: No eye
shall see me, and disguises his face.
16 In the dark they dig through houses, which they had marked for
themselves in the daytime: they know not the light.
17 For the morning is to them even as the shadow of death: if one know
them, they are in the terrors of the shadow of death.
18 He is swift as the waters; their portion is cursed in the earth: he
beholds not the way of the vineyards.
19 Drought and heat consume the snow waters: so does the grave those
who have sinned.
20 The womb shall forget him; the worm shall feed sweetly on him; he
shall be no more remembered; and wickedness shall be broken as a tree.
21 He evil entreats the barren who bears not, and does not good to the widow.
22 He draws also the mighty with his power: he rises up, and no man is
sure of life.
23 Though it be given him to be in safety, whereon he rests; yet his
eyes are upon their ways.
24 They are exalted for a little while, but are gone and brought low;
they are taken out of the way as all other, and cut off as the tops of
the ears of grain.
25 And if it be not so now, who will make me a liar, and make my speech
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1 Then answered Bildad the Shuhite, and said:
2 Dominion and fear are with him, he makes peace in his high places.
3 Is there any number of his armies? and upon whom does not his light arise?
4 How then can man be justified with El? or how can he be clean who is
born of a woman?
5 Behold even to the moon, and it shines not; yes, the stars are not
pure in his sight.
6 How much less man, who is a worm? and the son of man, who is a worm?
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1 But Job answered and said:
2 How have you helped him who is without power? how save you the arm
that has no strength?
3 How have you counselled him who has no wisdom? and how have you
plentifully declared the thing as it is?
4 To whom have you uttered words? and whose spirit came from you?
5 Dead things are formed from under the waters, and the inhabitants thereof.
6 Hell is naked before him, and destruction has no covering.
7 He stretches out the north over the empty place, and hangs the earth
8 He binds up the waters in his thick clouds; and the cloud is not rent
9 He holds back the face of his throne, and spreads his cloud upon it.
10 He has compassed the waters with bounds, until the day and night
come to an end.
11 The pillars of heaven tremble and are astonished at his reproof.
12 He divides the sea with his power, and by his understanding he
smites through the proud.
13 By his spirit he has garnished the heavens; his hand has formed the
14 Lo, these are parts of his ways: but how little a portion is heard
of him? but the thunder of his power who can understand?
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1 Moreover Job continued his parable, and said:
2 As El lives, who has taken away my judgment; and the Almighty, who
has vexed my soul;
3 All the while my breath is in me, and the spirit of Eloah is in my nostrils;
4 My lips shall not speak wickedness, nor my tongue utter deceit.
5 Elohim forbid that I should justify you: till I die I will not remove
my integrity from me.
6 My righteousness I hold fast, and will not let it go: my heart shall
not reproach me so long as I live.
7 Let my enemy be as the wicked, and he who rises up against me as the
8 For what is the hope of the hypocrite, though he has gained, when
Eloah takes away his soul?
9 Will El hear his cry when trouble comes upon him?
10 Will he delight himself in the Almighty? will he always call upon Eloah?
11 I will teach you by the hand of El: that which is with the Almighty
I will not conceal.
12 Behold, all you yourselves have seen it; why then are you thus
13 This is the portion of a wicked man with El, and the heritage of
oppressors, which they shall receive of the Almighty.
14 If his children be multiplied, it is for the sword, and his
offspring shall not be satisfied with bread.
15 Those who remain of him shall be buried in death, and his widows
shall not weep.
16 Though he heap up silver as the dust, and prepare clothing as the
17 He may prepare it, but the just shall put it on, and the innocent
shall divide the silver.
18 He builds his house as a moth, and as a booth that the keeper makes.
19 The rich man shall lie down, but he shall not be gathered: he opens
his eyes, and he is not.
20 Terrors take hold on him as waters, a tempest steals him away in the
21 The east wind carrys him away, and he departs, and as a storm hurls
him out of his place.
22 For Elohim shall cast upon him, and not spare: he would flee
out of his hand.
23 Men shall strike their hands at him, and shall call him with scorn out of his place.
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1 Surely there is a vein for the silver, and a place for gold where
they refine it.
2 Iron is taken out of the earth, and brass is molten out of the stone.
3 He sets an end to darkness, and searches out all perfection: the
stones of darkness, and the shadow of death.
4 The flood breaks out from the inhabitant; even the waters forgotten
of the foot: they are dried up, they are gone away from men.
5 As for the earth, out of it comes food, and under it is turned up as
it were fire.
6 Its stones are the place of sapphires, and it has dust of gold.
7 There is a path which no bird knows, and which the vulture's eye has
8 The lion's whelps have not trodden it, nor the fierce lion passed by
9 He puts forth his hand upon the rock; he overturns the mountains by
10 He cuts out rivers among the rocks; and his eye sees every precious
11 He binds the floods from overflowing; and the thing that is hidden
he brings forth to light.
12 But where shall wisdom be found? and where is the place of understanding?
13 Man does not know its price; neither is it found in the land of the living.
14 The depth said: It is not in me, and the sea said: It is not with me.
15 It cannot be gotten for gold, neither shall silver be weighed for its price.
16 It cannot be valued with the gold of Ophir, with the precious onyx,
or the sapphire.
17 The gold and the crystal cannot equal it, and the exchange of it
shall not be for jewels of fine gold.
18 No mention shall be made of coral, or of pearls: for the price of
wisdom is above rubies.
19 The topaz of Ethiopia shall not equal it, neither shall it be valued
with pure gold.
20 Whence then comes wisdom? and where is the place of understanding?
21 Seeing it is hid from the eyes of all living, and kept close from
the birds of the air.
22 Destruction and death say, We have heard its fame with our
23 Elohim understands its way, and he knows its place.
24 For he looks to the ends of the earth, and sees under the whole
25 To make the weight for the winds; and he weighs the waters by
26 When he made a decree for the rain, and a way for the lightning of
27 Then he saw it, and declared it; he prepared it, yes, and searched it out.
And to man he said: Behold, the fear of Adonai, that is wisdom; and to depart from evil is understanding.
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1 Moreover Job continued his parable, and said:
2 Oh that I were as in months past, as in the days when Eloah preserved me;
3 When his candle shined upon my head, and when by his light I walked
4 As I was in the days of my youth, when the secret of Eloah was upon my tabernacle;
5 When the Almighty was yet with me, when my children were about me;
6 When I washed my steps with butter, and the rock poured me out rivers of oil;
7 When I went out to the gate through the city, when I prepared my seat
in the street!
8 The young men saw me, and hid themselves, and the aged arose, and stood up.
9 The princes refrained talking, and laid their hand on their mouth.
10 The nobles held their peace, and their tongue clung to the roof of
11 When the ear heard me, then it blessed me; and when the eye saw me,
it gave witness to me:
12 Because I delivered the poor who cried, and the fatherless, and him
who had none to help him.
13 The blessing of him who was ready to perish came upon me, and I
caused the widow's heart to sing for joy.
14 I put on righteousness, and it clothed me: my judgment was as a robe
and a diadem.
15 I was eyes to the blind, and feet was I to the lame.
16 I was a father to the poor, and the cause of which I was unaware I searched out.
17 And I broke the jaws of the wicked, and plucked the spoil out of his teeth.
18 Then I said: I shall die in my nest, and I shall multiply my days as the sand.
19 My root was spread out by the waters, and the dew lay all night upon my branch.
20 My glory was fresh in me, and my bow was renewed in my hand.
21 To me men gave ear, and waited, and kept silence at my counsel.
22 After my words they did not speak again; and my speech dropped upon them.
23 And they waited for me as for the rain; and they opened their mouth
wide as for the latter rain.
24 If I laughed on them, they believed it not; and the light of my
countenance they cast not down.
25 I chose out their way, and sat chief, and dwelt as a king in the
army, as one who comforts the mourners.
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1 But now they who are younger than I have me in derision, whose
fathers I would have disdained to have set with the dogs of my flock.
2 Yes, whereto might the strength of their hands profit me, in whom old
age was perished?
3 For want and famine they were solitary; fleeing into the wilderness
in former time desolate and waste.
4 Who cut up mallows by the bushes, and juniper roots for their food.
5 They were driven forth from among men, (they cried after them as
after a thief;)
6 To dwell in the cliffs of the valleys, in caves of the earth, and in the rocks.
7 Among the bushes they brayed; under the nettles they were gathered together.
8 They were children of fools, yes, children of base men: they were
viler than the earth.
9 And now I am their song, yes, I am their byword.
10 They abhor me, they flee far from me, and are quick to spit in my face.
11 Because he has loosed my cord, and afflicted me, they have also let
loose the bridle before me.
12 Upon my right hand rise the youth; they push away my feet, and they
raise up against me the ways of their destruction.
13 They mar my path, they set forward my calamity, they have no helper.
14 They came upon me as a wide breaking in of waters: in the desolation
they rolled themselves upon me.
15 Terrors are turned upon me: they pursue my soul as the wind, and my
welfare passes away as a cloud.
16 And now my soul is poured out upon me; the days of affliction have
taken hold upon me.
17 My bones are pierced in me in the night season, and my sinews take
18 By the great force of my disease is my garment changed: it binds me
about as the collar of my coat.
19 He has cast me into the mire, and I am become like dust and ashes.
20 I cry to you, and you do not hear me: I stand up, and you regard me not.
21 You are become cruel to me: with your strong hand you oppose
yourself against me.
22 You lift me up to the wind; you cause me to ride upon it, and
dissolve my substance.
23 For I know that you will bring me to death, and to the house
appointed for all living.
24 Howbeit he will not stretch out his hand to the grave, though they
cry in his destruction.
25 Did not I weep for him who was in trouble? was not my soul grieved
for the poor?
26 When I looked for good, then evil came to me, and when I waited
for light, there came darkness.
27 My heart boiled, and rested not: the days of affliction came to
28 I went mourning without the sun: I stood up, and I cried in the
29 I am a brother to dragons, and a companion to owls.
30 My skin is black upon me, and my bones are burned with heat.
31 My harp also is turned to mourning, and my organ into the voice of
those who weep.
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1 I made a covenant with my eyes; why then should I think upon a maid?
2 For what portion of Eloah is there from above? and what inheritance
of the Almighty from on high?
3 Is not destruction to the wicked? and a strange punishment to the
workers of iniquity?
4 Does not he see my ways, and count all my steps?
5 If I have walked with vanity, or if my foot has hastened to deceit;
6 Let me be weighed in an even balance that Eloah may know my
7 If my step has turned out of the way, and my heart walked after my
eyes, and if any blot has stuck to my hands;
8 Then let me sow, and let another eat; yes, let my offspring be rooted
9 If my heart have been deceived by a woman, or if I have laid wait at
my neighbour's door;
10 Then let my wife grind to another, and let others bow down upon
11 For this is a heinous crime; yes, it is an iniquity to be punished
by the judges.
12 For it is a fire that consumes to destruction, and would root out
all my increase.
13 If I did despise the cause of my manservant or of my maidservant,
when they contended with me;
14 What then shall I do when El rises up? and when he visits, what
shall I answer him?
15 Did not he who made me in the womb make him? and did not one
fashion us in the womb?
16 If I have withheld the poor from their desire, or have caused the
eyes of the widow to fail;
17 Or have eaten my morsel myself alone, and the fatherless has not
eaten of it;
18 (For from my youth he was brought up with me, as with a father, and
I have guided her from my mother's womb;)
19 If I have seen any perish for want of clothing, or any poor without
20 If his loins have not blessed me, and if he were not warmed with the
fleece of my sheep;
21 If I have lifted up my hand against the fatherless, when I saw my
help in the gate:
22 Then let my arm fall from my shoulder blade, and my arm be broken
from the bone.
23 For destruction from El was a terror to me, and by reason of his
highness I could not endure.
24 If I have made gold my hope, or have said to the fine gold, You are
25 If I rejoiced because my wealth was great, and because my hand had
26 If I beheld the sun when it shone, or the moon walking in
27 And my heart has been secretly enticed, or my mouth has kissed my
28 This also were an iniquity to be punished by the judge: for I should
have denied the El who is above.
29 If I rejoiced at the destruction of him who hated me, or lifted up
myself when evil found him:
30 Neither have I suffered my mouth to sin by wishing a curse to his
31 If the men of my tabernacle said not, Oh that we had of his flesh!
we cannot be satisfied.
32 The stranger did not lodge in the street: but I opened my doors to
33 If I covered my transgressions as Adam, by hiding my iniquity in my
34 Did I fear a great multitude, or did the contempt of families
terrify me, that I kept silence, and went not out of the door?
35 Oh that one would hear me! behold, my desire is, that the Almighty
would answer me, and that my adversary had written a book.
36 Surely I would take it upon my shoulder, and bind it as a crown to
37 I would declare to him the number of my steps; as a prince would I
go near to him.
38 If my land cry against me, or that its furrows likewise
39 If I have eaten its fruits without money, or have caused its
owners to lose their life:
40 Let thistles grow instead of wheat, and cockle instead of barley.
The words of Job are ended.
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1 So these three men ceased to answer Job, because he was righteous in
his own eyes.
2 Then was kindled the wrath of Elihu the son of Barachel the Buzite,
of the kindred of Ram: against Job was his wrath kindled, because he
justified himself rather than Elohim.
3 Also against his three friends was his wrath kindled, because they
had found no answer, and yet had condemned Job.
4 Now Elihu had waited till Job had spoken, because they were older than he.
5 When Elihu saw that there was no answer in the mouth of these three
men, then his wrath was kindled.
6 And Elihu the son of Barachel the Buzite answered and said: I am
young, and you are very old; wherefore I was afraid, and dared not show
you my opinion.
7 I said: Days should speak, and multitude of years should teach wisdom.
8 But there is a spirit in man, and the inspiration of the Almighty
gives them understanding.
9 Great men are not always wise: neither do the aged understand judgment.
10 Therefore I said: Hearken to me; I also will show my opinion.
11 Behold, I waited for your words; I gave ear to your reasons, whilst
you searched out what to say.
12 Yes, I attended to you, and, behold, there was none of you who
convinced Job, or who answered his words:
13 Lest you should say, We have found out wisdom: El thrusts him down, not man.
14 Now he has not directed his words against me: neither will I answer
him with your speeches.
15 They were amazed, they answered no more: they left off speaking.
16 When I had waited, (for they spoke not, but stood still, and
answered no more;)
17 I said: I will answer also my part, I also will show my opinion.
18 For I am full of matter, the spirit within me constrains me.
19 Behold, my belly is as wine which has no vent; it is ready to burst
like new bottles.
20 I will speak, that I may be refreshed: I will open my lips and answer.
21 Let me not, I pray you, respect any man's person, neither let me give
flattering titles to man.
22 For I know not to give flattering titles; in so doing my maker would
soon take me away.
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1 Wherefore, Job, I pray you, hear my speeches, and hearken to all my words.
2 Behold, now I have opened my mouth, my tongue has spoken in my mouth.
3 My words shall be of the uprightness of my heart, and my lips shall
utter knowledge clearly.
4 The spirit of El has made me, and the breath of the Almighty has given me life.
5 If you can answer me, set your words in order before me, stand up.
6 Behold, I am according to your wish in El's stead: I also am formed
out of the clay.
7 Behold, my terror shall not make you afraid, neither shall my hand be
heavy upon you.
8 Surely you have spoken in my hearing, and I have heard the voice of
your words, saying:
9 I am clean without transgression, I am innocent; neither is there
iniquity in me.
10 Behold, he finds occasions against me, he counts me for his enemy,
11 He puts my feet in the stocks, he marks all my paths.
12 Behold, in this you are not just: I will answer you, that Eloah is
greater than man.
13 Why do you strive against him? for he gives not account of any of his matters.
14 For El speaks once, yes twice, yet man perceives it not.
15 In a dream, in a vision of the night, when deep sleep falls upon
men, in slumberings upon the bed;
16 Then he opens the ears of men, and seals their instruction,
17 That he may withdraw man from his purpose, and hide pride from man.
18 He keeps back his soul from the pit, and his life from perishing by the sword.
19 He is chastened also with pain upon his bed, and the multitude of
his bones with strong pain:
20 So that his life abhors bread, and his soul dainty food.
21 His flesh is consumed away, that it cannot be seen; and his bones
that were not seen stick out.
22 Yes, his soul draws near to the grave, and his life to the destroyers.
23 If there be a messenger with him, an interpreter, one among a
thousand, to show to man his uprightness:
24 Then he is gracious to him, and said: Deliver him from going down
to the pit: I have found a ransom.
25 His flesh shall be fresher than a child's: he shall return to the
days of his youth:
26 He shall pray to Eloah, and he will be favourable to him, and he
shall see his face with joy: for he will render to man his righteousness.
27 He looks upon men, and if any say, I have sinned, and perverted that
which was right, and it profited me not;
28 He will deliver his soul from going into the pit, and his life shall
see the light.
29 Lo, all these things works El oftentimes with man,
30 To bring back his soul from the pit, to be enlightened with the
light of the living.
31 Mark well, O Job, hearken to me: hold your peace, and I will speak.
32 If you have any thing to say, answer me: speak, for I desire to justify you.
33 If not, hearken to me: hold your peace, and I shall teach you wisdom.
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1 Furthermore Elihu answered and said:
2 Hear my words, O you wise men; and give ear to me, you who have knowledge.
3 For the ear tries words, as the mouth tastes food.
4 Let us choose to us judgment: let us know among ourselves what is good.
5 For Job has said: I am righteous, and El has taken away my judgment.
6 Should I lie against my right? my wound is incurable without transgression.
7 What man is like Job, who drinks up scorning like water?
8 Who goes in company with the workers of iniquity, and walks with
9 For he has said: It profits a man nothing that he should delight
himself with Elohim.
10 Therefore hearken to me, you men of understanding: far be it from
El, that he should do wickedness; and from the Almighty, that he should
11 For the work of a man shall he render to him, and cause every man
to find according to his ways.
12 Yes, surely El will not do wickedly, neither will the Almighty
13 Who has given him a charge over the earth? or who has disposed the
14 If he set his heart upon man, if he gather to himself his spirit
and his breath;
15 All flesh shall perish together, and man shall turn again to dust.
16 If now you have understanding, hear this: hearken to the voice of my
17 Shall even he who hates right govern? and will you condemn him who
is most just?
18 Is it fit to say to a king, You are wicked? and to princes, You are ungodly?
19 How much less to him who accepts not the persons of princes, nor
regards the rich more than the poor? for they all are the work of his hands.
20 In a moment they shall die, and the people shall be troubled at midnight, and pass away, and the mighty shall be taken away without hand.
21 For his eyes are upon the ways of man, and he sees all his goings.
22 There is no darkness, nor shadow of death, where the workers of
iniquity may hide themselves.
23 For he will not lay upon man more than right; that he should enter
into judgment with El.
24 He shall break in pieces mighty men without number, and set others
in their stead.
25 Therefore he knows their works, and he overturns them in the night,
so that they are destroyed.
26 He strikes them as wicked men in the open sight of others;
27 Because they turned back from him, and would not consider any of his ways:
28 So that they cause the cry of the poor to come to him, and he
hears the cry of the afflicted.
29 When he gives quietness, who then can make trouble? and when he
hides his face, who then can behold him? whether it be done against a
nation, or against a man only:
30 That the hypocrite reign not, lest the people be ensnared.
31 Surely it is meet to be said to El, I have borne chastisement, I
will not offend any more:
32 That which I see not teach me: if I have done iniquity, I will
do no more.
33 Should it be according to your mind? he will recompense it, whether
you refuse, or whether you choose; and not I: therefore speak what you
34 Let men of understanding tell me, and let a wise man hearken to me.
35 Job has spoken without knowledge, and his words were without wisdom.
36 My desire is that Job may be tried to the end because of his
answers for wicked men.
37 For he adds rebellion to his sin, he strikes his hands among us, and
multiplies his words against El.
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1 Elihu spoke moreover, and said:
2 Think you this to be right, that you said: My righteousness is more
3 For you said: What advantage will it be to you? and, What profit
shall I have, if I be cleansed from my sin?
4 I will answer you, and your companions with you.
5 Look to the heavens, and see; and behold the clouds which are
higher than you.
6 If you sin, what do you against him? or if your transgressions be
multiplied, what do you to him?
7 If you be righteous, what
benefit is that to him? or what does he receive of your hand?
8 Your wickedness may hurt another man; and your righteousness may profit a human being.
9 By reason of the multitude of oppressions they make the oppressed to
cry: they cry out by reason of the arm of the mighty.
10 But none said: Where is Eloah my maker, who brings singing in the night;
11 Who teaches us more than the beasts of the earth, and makes us wiser
than the birds of heaven?
12 There they cry, but none gives answer, because of the pride of evil men.
13 Surely El will not hear vanity, neither will the Almighty regard it.
14 Although you say you shall not see him, yet judgment is before him;
therefore trust in him.
15 But now, because it is not so, he has visited in his anger; yet he
knows it not in great extremity:
16 Therefore does Job open his mouth in vain; he multiplies words
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1 Elihu also proceeded, and said:
2 Suffer me a little, and I will show you that I have yet to speak on
3 I will fetch my knowledge from afar, and will ascribe righteousness
to my Maker.
4 For truly my words shall not be false: he who is perfect in
knowledge is with you.
5 Behold, El is mighty, and despises not any: he is mighty in strength
6 He preserves not the life of the wicked: but gives right to the poor.
7 He withdraws not his eyes from the righteous: but with kings are they
on the throne; yes, he does establish them for ever, and they are
8 And if they be bound in fetters, and be held in cords of
9 Then he shows them their work, and their transgressions that they
10 He opens also their ear to discipline, and commands that they return
11 If they obey and serve him, they shall spend their days in
prosperity, and their years in pleasures.
12 But if they obey not, they shall perish by the sword, and they shall
die without knowledge.
13 But the hypocrites in heart heap up wrath: they cry not when he
14 They die in youth, and their life is among the unclean.
15 He delivers the poor in his affliction, and opens their ears in oppression.
16 Even so would he have removed you out of the strait into a broad
place, where there is no distress; and that which should be set on your table should be full of fatness.
17 But you have fulfilled the judgment of the wicked: judgment and
justice take hold on you.
18 Because there is wrath, beware lest he take you away with his
stroke: then a great ransom cannot deliver you.
19 Will he esteem your riches? no, not gold, nor all the forces of strength.
20 Desire not the night, when people are cut off in their place.
21 Take heed, regard not iniquity: for this you have chosen rather than affliction.
22 Behold, El exalts by his power: who teaches like him?
23 Who has enjoined him his way? or who can say, You have wrought iniquity?
24 Remember that you magnify his work, which men behold.
25 Every man may see it; man may behold it afar off.
26 Behold, El is great, and we know him not, neither can the number of
his years be searched out.
27 For he makes small the drops of water: they pour down rain according
to its vapour:
28 Which the clouds do drop and distil upon man abundantly.
29 Also can any understand the spreadings of the clouds, or the
thunder of his tent.
30 Behold, he spreads his light upon it, and covers the deep of the water.
31 For by them he judges the people; he gives food in abundance.
32 With clouds he covers the moonlight; and commands it not to shine by the cloud that covers it.
33 Its thunder shows concerning it, the cattle also concerning the vapour.
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1 At this also my heart trembles, and is moved out of its place.
2 Hear attentively the noise of his voice, and the sound that goes out
of his mouth.
3 He directs it under the whole heaven, and his lightning to the ends
of the earth.
4 After it a voice roars: he thunders with the voice of his excellency;
and he will not stay them when his voice is heard.
5 El thunders marvellously with his voice; great things does he, which
we cannot comprehend.
6 For he said to the snow, Be on the earth; likewise to the small rain, and to the great rain of his strength.
7 He seals up the hand of every man; that all men may know his work.
8 Then the beasts go into dens, and remain in their places.
9 Out of the south comes the whirlwind, and cold out of the north.
10 By the breath of El frost is given, and the breadth of the waters is
11 Also by watering he wearies the thick cloud: he scatters his bright cloud:
12 And it is turned round about by his counsels: that they may do
whatsoever he commands them upon the face of the world in the earth.
13 He causes it to come, whether for correction, or for his land, or for mercy.
14 Hearken to this, O Job: stand still, and consider the wondrous
works of El.
15 Do you know when Eloah disposed them, and caused the light of his
cloud to shine?
16 Do you know the balancings of the clouds, the wondrous works of
him who is perfect in knowledge?
17 How your garments are warm, when he quietens the earth by the south wind?
18 Have you with him spread out the sky, which is strong, and as a
molten looking glass?
19 Teach us what we shall say to him; for we cannot order our speech
by reason of darkness.
20 Shall it be told him that I speak? if a man speak, surely he shall
be swallowed up.
21 And now men do not see the bright light which is in the clouds: but the wind passes, and cleanses them.
22 Fair weather comes out of the north: with Eloah is terrible majesty.
23 Touching the Almighty, we cannot find him out: he is excellent in
power, and in judgment, and in plenty of justice: he will not afflict.
24 Men do therefore fear him: he does not respect any who are wise of heart.
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1 Then YHVH answered Job out of the whirlwind, and said:
2 Who is this who darkens counsel by words without knowledge?
3 Gird up now your loins like a man; for I will demand of you, and answer me.
4 Where were you when I laid the foundations of the earth? declare, if
you have understanding.
5 Who has laid its measures, if you know? or who has stretched the line upon it?
6 Whereupon are its foundations fastened? or who laid its corner stone;
7 When the morning stars sang together, and all the beings created by Elohim
shouted for joy?
8 Or who shut up the sea with doors, when it broke forth, as if it had
issued out of the womb?
9 When I made the cloud its garment, and thick darkness a
swaddling band for it,
10 And broke up for it my decreed place, and set bars and doors,
11 And said: Hitherto shall you come, but no further, and here shall
your proud waves be stayed?
12 Have you commanded the morning since your days; and caused the dayspring to know its place.
13 That it might take hold of the ends of the earth, that the wicked
might be shaken out of it?
14 It is turned as clay to the seal; and they stand as a garment.
15 And from the wicked their light is withheld, and the high arm shall be broken.
16 Have you entered into the springs of the sea? or have you walked in
the search of the depth?
17 Have the gates of death been opened to you? or have you seen the
doors of the shadow of death?
18 Have you perceived the breadth of the earth? declare if you know it all.
19 Where is the way where light dwells? and as for darkness, where is its place,
20 That you should take it to its bound, and that you should
know the paths to its house?
21 Do you know it, because you were then born? or because the number of
your days is great?
22 Have you entered into the treasures of the snow? or have you seen
the treasures of the hail,
23 Which I have reserved against the time of trouble, against the day
of battle and war?
24 By what way is the light parted, which scatters the east wind upon the earth?
25 Who has divided a watercourse for the overflowing of waters, or a
way for the lightning of thunder;
26 To cause it to rain on the earth, where no man is; on the
wilderness, wherein there is no man;
27 To satisfy the desolate and waste ground; and to cause the bud of
the tender herb to spring forth?
28 Has the rain a father? or who has begotten the drops of dew?
29 Out of whose womb came the ice? and the hoary frost of heaven, who
has gendered it?
30 The waters are hid as with a stone, and the face of the deep is frozen.
31 Can you bind the sweet influences of Pleiades, or loose the bands of Orion?
32 Can you bring forth Mazzaroth in his season? or can you guide
Arcturus with his sons?
33 Know you the ordinances of heaven? can you set its dominion
in the earth?
34 Can you lift up your voice to the clouds, that abundance of waters
may cover you?
35 Can you send lightnings, that they may go, and say to you, Here we are?
36 Who has put wisdom in the inward parts? or who has given
understanding to the heart?
37 Who can number the clouds in wisdom? or who can stay the bottles of
38 When the dust grows into hardness, and the clods cling fast together?
39 Will you hunt the prey for the lion? or fill the appetite of the
40 When they couch in their dens, and abide in the covert to lie in wait?
41 Who provides for the raven his food? when his young ones cry to
El, they wander for lack of meat.
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1 Know you the time when the wild goats of the rock bring forth? or can
you mark when the hinds calve?
2 Can you number the months that they fulfil? or do you know the time when they bring forth?
3 They bow themselves, they bring forth their young ones, they cast out
4 Their young ones are in good liking, they grow up with grain; they go
forth, and return not to them.
5 Who has sent out the wild ass free? or who has loosed the bands of the wild ass?
6 Whose house I have made the wilderness, and the barren land his dwellings.
7 He scorns the multitude of the city, neither regards he the crying of the driver.
8 The range of the mountains is his pasture, and he searches after
every green thing.
9 Will the wild bull be willing to serve you, or abide by your crib?
10 Can you bind the wild bull with his band in the furrow? or will he
harrow the valleys after you?
11 Will you trust him, because his strength is great? or will you leave
your labour to him?
12 Will you believe him, that he will bring home your seed, and gather
it into your barn?
13 Gave you the goodly wings to the peacocks? or wings and feathers
to the ostrich?
14 Which leaves her eggs in the earth, and warms them in dust,
15 And forgets that the foot may crush them, or that the wild beast may
16 She is hardened against her young ones, as though they were not
hers: her labour is in vain without fear;
17 Because Eloah has deprived her of wisdom, neither has he imparted to
18 What time she lifts up herself on high, she scorns the horse and his rider.
19 Have you given the horse strength? have you clothed his neck with thunder?
20 Can you make him afraid as a grasshopper? the glory of his nostrils
21 He paws in the valley, and rejoices in his strength: he goes on to
meet the armed men.
22 He mocks at fear, and is not frightened; neither turns he back from
23 The quiver rattles against him, the glittering spear and the shield.
24 He swallows the ground with fierceness and rage: neither believes he
that it is the sound of the trumpet.
25 He said among the trumpets, Ha, ha; and he smells the battle afar
off, the thunder of the captains, and the shouting.
26 Does the hawk fly by your wisdom, and stretch her wings toward the
27 Does the eagle mount up at your command, and make her nest on high?
28 She dwells and abides on the rock, upon the crag of the rock, and
the strong place.
29 From there she seeks the prey, and her eyes behold afar off.
30 Her young ones also suck up blood, and where the slain are, there is she.
1 Moreover YHVH answered Job, and said:
2 Shall he who contends with the Almighty instruct him? he who
reproves Eloah, let him answer it.
3 Then Job answered YHVH, and said:
4 Behold, I am vile; what shall I answer you? I will lay my hand upon my mouth.
5 Once have I spoken; but I will not answer: yes, twice; but I will
proceed no further.
6 Then answered YHVH to Job out of the whirlwind, and said:
7 Gird up your loins now like a man: I will demand of you, and declare to me.
8 Will you also disannul my judgment? will you condemn me, that you may be righteous?
9 Have you an arm like El? or can you thunder with a voice like him?
10 Deck yourself now with majesty and excellency; and array yourself
with glory and beauty.
11 Cast abroad the rage of your wrath, and behold every one who is
proud, and abase him.
12 Look on every one who is proud, and bring him low; and tread down
the wicked in their place.
13 Hide them in the dust together; and bind their faces in secret.
14 Then will I also confess to you that your own right hand can save you.
15 Behold now behemoth, which I made with you; he eats grass as an ox.
16 Lo now, his strength is in his loins, and his force is in the navel
of his belly.
17 He moves his tail like a cedar: the sinews of his stones are wrapped together.
18 His bones are as strong pieces of brass; his bones are like bars of iron.
19 He is the chief of the ways of El: he who made him can make his
sword to approach to him.
20 Surely the mountains bring him forth food, where all the beasts of the field play.
21 He lies under the shady trees, in the covert of the reed, and fens.
22 The shady trees cover him with their shadow; the willows of the
brook compass him about.
23 Behold, he drinks up a river, and hastens not: he trusts that he can draw up the Jordan into his mouth.
24 He takes it with his eyes: his nose pierces through snares.
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1 Can you draw out leviathan with a hook? or his tongue with a cord
which you let down?
2 Can you put a hook into his nose? or bore his jaw through with a thorn?
3 Will he make many supplications to you? will he speak soft words to you?
4 Will he make a covenant with you? will you take him for a servant for ever?
5 Will you play with him as with a bird? or will you bind him for your maidens?
6 Shall the companions make a banquet of him? shall they part him among
7 Can you fill his skin with barbed irons? or his head with fish
8 Lay your hand upon him, remember the battle, do no more.
9 Behold, the hope of him is in vain: shall not one be cast down even
at the sight of him?
10 None is so fierce that dare stir him up: who then is able to stand before me?
11 Who has come to me, that I should repay him? whatsoever is under
the whole heaven is mine.
12 I will not conceal his parts, nor his power, nor his comely proportion.
13 Who can discover the face of his garment? or who can come to him
with his double bridle?
14 Who can open the doors of his face? his teeth are terrible round about.
15 His scales are his pride, shut up together as with a close seal.
16 One is so near to another, that no air can come between them.
17 They are joined one to another, they stick together, that they
cannot be sundered.
18 By his sneezings a light does shine, and his eyes are like the
eyelids of the morning.
19 Out of his mouth go burning lamps, and sparks of fire leap out.
20 Out of his nostrils goes smoke, as out of a seething pot or cauldron.
21 His breath kindles coals, and a flame goes out of his mouth.
22 In his neck remains strength, and sorrow is turned into joy before him.
23 The flakes of his flesh are joined together: they are firm in
themselves; they cannot be moved.
24 His heart is as firm as a stone; yes, as hard as a piece of the
25 When he raises up himself, the mighty are afraid: by reason of
breakings they purify themselves.
26 The sword of him who lays at him cannot hold: the spear, the dart,
nor the habergeon.
27 He esteems iron as straw, and brass as rotten wood.
28 The arrow cannot make him flee: slingstones are turned with him into stubble.
29 Darts are counted as stubble: he laughs at the shaking of a spear.
30 Sharp stones are under him: he spreads sharp pointed things upon the mire.
31 He makes the deep to boil like a pot: he makes the sea like a pot of ointment.
32 He makes a path to shine after him; one would think the deep to be hoary.
33 Upon earth there is not his like, who is made without fear.
34 He beholds all high things: he is a king over all the children of pride.
1 Then Job answered YHVH, and said:
2 I know that you can do every thing, and that no thought can be withheld from you.
3 "Who is he who hides counsel without knowledge?"therefore have I uttered what I understood not; things too wonderful for me, which I knew not.
4 Hear, I beseech you, and I will speak: "I will demand of you, and you declare to me."
5 I have heard of you by the hearing of the ear: but now my eye sees you.
6 Wherefore I abhor myself, and repent in dust and ashes.
7 And it was so, that after YHVH had spoken these words to Job, YHVH
said to Eliphaz the Temanite, My wrath is kindled against you, and
against your two friends: for you have not spoken of me the thing that
is right, as my servant Job has.
8 Therefore now take seven bullocks and seven rams, and go to my servant Job, and offer up for yourselves a burnt offering; and my servant Job shall pray for you: for I will accept him: lest I deal with you after your folly, in that you have not spoken of me the thing which is right, like my servant Job.
9 So Eliphaz the Temanite and Bildad the Shuhite and Zophar the
Naamathite went, and did according as YHVH commanded them: YHVH also accepted Job.
10 And YHVH turned the captivity of Job, when he prayed for his
friends: also YHVH gave Job twice as much as he had before.
11 Then there came to him all his brethren, and all his sisters, and
all they who had been of his acquaintance before, and ate bread
with him in his house, and they bemoaned him, and comforted him over all
the evil that YHVH had brought upon him: every man also gave him a piece
of money, and every one an ear ring of gold.
12 So YHVH blessed the latter end of Job more than his beginning: for
he had fourteen thousand sheep, and six thousand camels, and a thousand
yoke of oxen, and a thousand she asses.
13 He had also seven sons and three daughters.
14 And he called the name of the first, Jemima; and the name of the
second, Kezia; and the name of the third, Kerenhappuch.
15 And in all the land were no women found so fair as the daughters of
Job, and their father gave them inheritance among their brethren.
16 After this Job lived another hundred and forty years, and saw his sons, and his sons' sons, even four generations.
17 So Job died, being old and full of days.
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